Classification of Guinea Pigs


Classification of Guinea Pigs

Classification of Guinea Pigs

The guinea pig is a member of the largest mammalian order, Rodentia. The 1700 or so species of rodents outnumber all other species of mammals combined, making them one of the most successful of groups. Moreover, most species of rodents are abundantly represented in their respective ranges, making them more numerous as individuals than most other mammal species.

Guinea Pigs

As can be expected with such a large number of species, rodents show a remarkable diversity of size. They may be as small as the tiny harvest mouse, which weighs less than 10 grams (1/3 oz), or as large as the sheep sized capybara of the Amazon, which may tip the scales at 30 kilograms (70 lb) or more.

Classification of Guinea Pig

For many years, zoologists have had a great deal of trouble in trying to classify such a great conglomeration of species into a logical order and even today, universal agreement on this subject has yet to be found. The guinea pig has been placed in the suborder Caviomorpha, which it shares with other species of cavy, capybaras, agoutis, chinchillas and New world porcupines - a typical classification may read as follows :


Class Mammalia All mammals
Order Rodentia All rodents
Suborder Caviomorpha Cavy-like rodents
Family Caviidae Cavies, agoutis and capibaras
Subfamily Caviinae Various cavies
Genus Cavia Typical cavies
Species Cavia aperia The wild cavy and the guinea pig
Subspecies C.a. porcellus The guinea pig
  C.a. tschudi The wild cavy


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Posted 1154 days ago
wow very true
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